Es gibt viele Gründe, um anonym zu Bloggen. Auf die möglichen Gründe möchte ich nicht weiter eingehen und mich auf einige technische Hinweise für die Umsetzung beschränken.
Die einfachsten Varianten:
- Man braucht einen anonymen Browser (TorBrowserBundle oder Jondo+JonDoFox). Gut geeignet sind die Live-CDs TAILS und JonDo LiveCD, da diese neben einem fertig konfigurierten Browser für anonymes Surfen auch die nötigen Tools zur Anonymisierung von Bildern und Dokumenten enthalten und keine Spuren auf dem PC hinterlassen.
- Man braucht eine anonyme E-Mail Adresse, die nur in Zusammenhang mit dem Blog verwendet wird (für die Registrierung, als Kontaktadresse…). Dabei ist es nicht unbedingt nötig, Thunderbird als E-Mail Client zu konfigurieren. Man kann die wenigen Mails auch im Webinterface des Providers im Browser lesen bzw schreiben. Dabei ist stets Tor oder JonDonym zu nutzen.
- Man braucht einen Bloghoster, der anonyme Registrierung oder Registrierung mit Fake-Daten ermöglicht und anonym mit Paysafecard oder UKash bezahlt werden kann. WordPress.com ist empfehenswert oder die kostenfreie Variante von Twoday.net. Um Premium Features bei WordPress.com zu nutzen, kann man anonym mit Bitcoin bezahlen. Seit Nov. 2012 akzeptiert WordPress Bitcoins als Zahlungsmittel.
- Registrierung und Verwaltung des Blogs sowie das Schreiben von Artikeln können komplett im Browser durchgeführt werden. Dabei ist stets der Anonymisierungsdienst zu nutzen. Man sollte darauf achten, dass man nicht hektisch unter Zeitdruck schnell mal einen Beitrag verfasst. Dabei können Fehler passieren, die den Autor deanonymisieren.
- Im Blog veröffentlichte Bilder und Dokumente sind stets vor dem Upload zu anonymisieren. Vor allem Bilder von Digitalkameras enthalten eine Vielzahl von Informationen, die zur Deanonymisierung führen können. Fotos von Freunden oder Bekannten sollte man nicht veröffentlichen, da durch Freundschaftsbeziehungen eine Deanonymisierung möglich ist.
- Jede Blogsoftware bietet die Möglichkeit, den Zeitpunkt der Veröffentlichung von neuen Artikeln festzulegen. Davon sollte man Gebrauch machen und neue Artikel nicht sofort veröffentlichen sondern erst einige Stunden später freigeben, wenn man nicht online ist.
- Stilometrie (Deanonymisierung anhand des Schreibstils) ist inzwischen fester Bestandteil geheimdienstlicher Arbeit. Es ist mit (teil-) automatisierten Verfahren möglich, anonyme Texte einem Autor zuzuordnen, wenn der Kreis der Verdächtigen eingeschränkt ist und genügend Textproben der Verdächtigen vorliegen. Mit Ruhe und Konzentration beim Verfassen von Blogartikeln ist es möglich, seinen individuellen Schreibstil zu verstellen.
Whether you are an activist operating under a totalitarian regime, an employee determined to expose some wrongdoings in your company or a vengeful writer composing a bitchy portrait of your ex-wife, you need to protect your identity. If you are not collaborating with others, the focus lies on anonymity and not encryption or privacy. If the message is urgent and the stakes are high, one easy way to just get it out quickly is going to an internet cafe one usually does not frequent, create accounts specifically set up for the task, deliver the data and discard those accounts right after that. If you are in a hurry, consider MintEmail (http://www.mintemail.com/) or FilzMail (http://www.filzmail.com), where your address will expire from 3 to 24 hours respectively. Do not do anything else while you’re there; don’t check your Gmail account, do not have a quick one on Facebook and clear all cache, cookies and history and close the browser before you leave.
If you keep these basic rules, the worst – though highly improbable – thing that could happen would be that the ofiered computer is compromised and logging keystrokes, revealing passwords or even your face, in case an attached webcam is remotely operated. Don’t do this at work or in a place where you are a registered member or a regular visitor, like a club or a library. If you want to maintain a constant stream of communication and maybe even establish an audience, this method quickly becomes quite cumbersome, and you might also run out of unused internet cafes. In this case you can use a machine you own, but, if you cannot dedicate one especially to this purpose, boot your computer with a difierent operating system (OS). This can be easily done by using a USB stick to boot a live operating system like TAILS, which comes with Tor enabled by default and includes state-of-the-art cryptographic tools. In any case, use Tor to disguise your IP.
Turn ofi all cookies, history and cache options and never use the same profile or the same browser for other activities. Not only would that add data to your topography as a user in the Net, but it also opens a very wide window for mistakes. If you want extra support, install Do Not Track Plus and Trackerblock or Ghostery in your browser add-ons menu. Use passwords for difierent accounts and choose proper passwords or even passphrases (more about that in the basic tips section). Protect your entire system with a general password, change it often and do not share it with anyone, especially not your lover. Install a keystroke logger to see if someone sneaks into your email, especially your lover. Set up your preferences everywhere to log out of every service and platform after 5 minutes of non-use. Keep your superhero identity to yourself.
If you can mantain such level of discipline, you should even be capable of using your own internet connection. But consider this: not using a dedicated system makes it incredibly dificult to keep all the difierent identities separated in a safe way, and the feeling of safety often leads to carelessness. Keep a healthy level of neurosis.
Today there are many publishing possibilities, from cost-free blogging sites (Blogspot, Tumblr, WordPress, Identi.ca) to PasteBins (see glossary) and some specifically catered to anonymous users like BlogACause. Global Voices Advocacy recommends using WordPress through the Tor network. Keep a sane level of cynicism; they all act in commercial interests that you use for ‘free’ and so cannot be trusted at all, especially in that they may be bound to the demands of a legal juristiction that is not your own. All providers are, when it comes down to it, traitors.
If registration with these services requires a working email address, create one dedicated solely to this purpose. Avoid Gmail, Yahoo, Hotmail and other big commercial platforms with a history of turning over their users and go for an specialized service like
Hushmail (https://www.hushmail.com/). For more on anonymous email, please find the
chapter Anonymous email in the previous section.
- Don’t register a domain. There are services that will protect your identity from a simple who is query, like Anonymous Speech or Silent Register, but they will know who you are through your payment data. Unless you have the chance to purchase one in BitCoins, limit yourself to one of the domains ofiered by your blogging platform like yourblogname.blogspot.com and choose a setting outside your native country. Also, find a name that doesn’t give you away easily. If you have problems with that, use a blog name generator online.
- Don’t open a social network account associated to your blog. If you must, keep the level of hygiene that you keep for blogging and never ever login while using your regular browser. If you have a public social network life, avoid it all together. You will eventually make a mistake.
- Don’t upload video, photo or audio files without using an editor to modify or erase all the meta data (photos contain information up to the GPS coordinates of the location the photo was taken at) that standard digital cameras, SmartPhones, recorders and other devices add by default. The Metadata Anonymisation Toolkit or ExifTool might help you with that.
- Don’t leave a history. Add X-Robots-Tag to your http headers to stop the searching spiders from indexing your website. That should include repositories like the Wayback Machine from archive.org. If you don’t know how to do this, search along the lines of “Robots Text File Generator”.
- Don’t leave comments. If you must, maintain the levels of hygiene that you use for blogging and always logout when you’re done and for god sakes do not troll around. Hell hath no fury like a blogger scorned.
- Don’t expect it to last. If you hit the pot and become a blogging sensation (like Belle de Jour, the British PhD candidate who became a sensation and sold a book and mused two TV shows about her double life as a high escort) there will be a legion of journalists, tax auditors and obsessive fans scrutinizing your every move. You are only human: they will get to you.
- Don’t linger. If you realize you have already made any mistakes but nobody has caught you yet, do close all your accounts, cover your tracks and start a totally new identity. The Internet has infinite memory: one strike, and you’re out of the closet.
Every data packet traveling through the Internet contains information about its sender and its recipient. This applies to email as well as any other network communication. There are several ways to reduce identifying information but no way to remove it completely.
Sending From Throw-away Email Accounts
One option is to use a throw-away email account. This is an account set up at a service like Gmail or Hotmail, used once or twice for anonymous exchange. When signing up for the account, you will need to provide fake information about your name and location. After using the account for a short amount of time, say 24 hours, you should never log in again. If you need to communicate further, then create a new account. It is very important to keep in mind that these services keep logs of the IP addresses of those using them. If you are sending highly sensitive information, you will need to combine a throw away email account with Tor in order keep your IP address hidden. If you are not expecting a reply, then an anonymous remailer like AnonEmail or Silentsender may be a useful solution. A remailer is a server that receives messages with instructions on where to send the data and acts as a relay, forwarding it from a generic address without revealing the identity of the original sender. This works best when combined with an email provider like Hushmail or RiseUp who are specially set up for secure email connections.
Both of these methods are useful, but only if you always remember that the intermediary himself knows where the original message came from and can read the messages as they come in. Despite their claims to protect your identity, these services often have user agreements that indicate their right “to disclose to third parties certain registration data about you” or they are suspected to be compromised by secret services. The only way to safely use this technique is to not trust these services at all, and apply extra security measures: send via Tor using a throw-away email address.
If you only need to receive email, services like Mailinator and MintEmail give you an email address that destroys itself after a few hours. When signing up for any account, you should provide fake information about your name and location and protect yourself by using Tor.
Be Careful about what you say!
The content of your message can give away your identity. If you mention details about your life, your geography, social relations or personal appearance, people may be able to determine who is sending the message. Even word choice and style of writing can be used to guess who might be behind anonymous emails. You should not use the same user name for difierent accounts or use a name that you are already linked to like a childhood nickname or a favorite book character. You should never use your secret email for normal personal communication. If someone knows your secrets, do not communicate with that person using this email address. If your life depends on it, change your secret email address often as well as between providers.
Finally, once you have your whole your email set up to protect your identity, vanity is your worst enemy. You need to avoid being distinct. Don’t try to be clever, fiamboyant or unique. Even the way you break your paragraphs is valuable data for identification, especially these days when every school essay and blog post you have written is available in the Internet. Powerful organizations can actually use these texts to build up a database that can “fingerprint” writing.